Source code for pooch.hashes

# Copyright (c) 2018 The Pooch Developers.
# Distributed under the terms of the BSD 3-Clause License.
# SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
# This code is part of the Fatiando a Terra project (
Calculating and checking file hashes.
import hashlib
import functools
from pathlib import Path

# From the docs:
#   The named constructors are much faster than new() and should be
#   preferred.
# Need to fallback on new() for some algorithms.
    alg: getattr(hashlib, alg, functools.partial(, alg))
    for alg in hashlib.algorithms_available

    import xxhash

    # xxhash doesn't have a list of available algorithms yet.
            alg: getattr(xxhash, alg, None)
            for alg in ["xxh128", "xxh64", "xxh32", "xxh3_128", "xxh3_64"]
    # The xxh3 algorithms are only available for version>=2.0. Set to None and
    # remove to ensure backwards compatibility.
        alg: func for alg, func in ALGORITHMS_AVAILABLE.items() if func is not None
except ImportError:

[docs]def file_hash(fname, alg="sha256"): """ Calculate the hash of a given file. Useful for checking if a file has changed or been corrupted. Parameters ---------- fname : str The name of the file. alg : str The type of the hashing algorithm Returns ------- hash : str The hash of the file. Examples -------- >>> fname = "test-file-for-hash.txt" >>> with open(fname, "w") as f: ... __ = f.write("content of the file") >>> print(file_hash(fname)) 0fc74468e6a9a829f103d069aeb2bb4f8646bad58bf146bb0e3379b759ec4a00 >>> import os >>> os.remove(fname) """ if alg not in ALGORITHMS_AVAILABLE: raise ValueError( f"Algorithm '{alg}' not available to the pooch library. " "Only the following algorithms are available " f"{list(ALGORITHMS_AVAILABLE.keys())}." ) # Calculate the hash in chunks to avoid overloading the memory chunksize = 65536 hasher = ALGORITHMS_AVAILABLE[alg]() with open(fname, "rb") as fin: buff = while buff: hasher.update(buff) buff = return hasher.hexdigest()
def hash_algorithm(hash_string): """ Parse the name of the hash method from the hash string. The hash string should have the following form ``algorithm:hash``, where algorithm can be the name of any algorithm known to :mod:`hashlib`. If the algorithm is omitted or the hash string is None, will default to ``"sha256"``. Parameters ---------- hash_string : str The hash string with optional algorithm prepended. Returns ------- hash_algorithm : str The name of the algorithm. Examples -------- >>> print(hash_algorithm("qouuwhwd2j192y1lb1iwgowdj2898wd2d9")) sha256 >>> print(hash_algorithm("md5:qouuwhwd2j192y1lb1iwgowdj2898wd2d9")) md5 >>> print(hash_algorithm("sha256:qouuwhwd2j192y1lb1iwgowdj2898wd2d9")) sha256 >>> print(hash_algorithm("SHA256:qouuwhwd2j192y1lb1iwgowdj2898wd2d9")) sha256 >>> print(hash_algorithm("xxh3_64:qouuwhwd2j192y1lb1iwgowdj2898wd2d9")) xxh3_64 >>> print(hash_algorithm(None)) sha256 """ default = "sha256" if hash_string is None: algorithm = default elif ":" not in hash_string: algorithm = default else: algorithm = hash_string.split(":")[0] return algorithm.lower() def hash_matches(fname, known_hash, strict=False, source=None): """ Check if the hash of a file matches a known hash. If the *known_hash* is None, will always return True. Coverts hashes to lowercase before comparison to avoid system specific mismatches between hashes in the registry and computed hashes. Parameters ---------- fname : str or PathLike The path to the file. known_hash : str The known hash. Optionally, prepend ``alg:`` to the hash to specify the hashing algorithm. Default is SHA256. strict : bool If True, will raise a :class:`ValueError` if the hash does not match informing the user that the file may be corrupted. source : str The source of the downloaded file (name or URL, for example). Will be used in the error message if *strict* is True. Has no other use other than reporting to the user where the file came from in case of hash mismatch. If None, will default to *fname*. Returns ------- is_same : bool True if the hash matches, False otherwise. """ if known_hash is None: return True algorithm = hash_algorithm(known_hash) new_hash = file_hash(fname, alg=algorithm) matches = new_hash.lower() == known_hash.split(":")[-1].lower() if strict and not matches: if source is None: source = str(fname) raise ValueError( f"{algorithm.upper()} hash of downloaded file ({source}) does not match" f" the known hash: expected {known_hash} but got {new_hash}. Deleted" " download for safety. The downloaded file may have been corrupted or" " the known hash may be outdated." ) return matches
[docs]def make_registry(directory, output, recursive=True): """ Make a registry of files and hashes for the given directory. This is helpful if you have many files in your test dataset as it keeps you from needing to manually update the registry. Parameters ---------- directory : str Directory of the test data to put in the registry. All file names in the registry will be relative to this directory. output : str Name of the output registry file. recursive : bool If True, will recursively look for files in subdirectories of *directory*. """ directory = Path(directory) if recursive: pattern = "**/*" else: pattern = "*" files = sorted( [ str(path.relative_to(directory)) for path in directory.glob(pattern) if path.is_file() ] ) hashes = [file_hash(str(directory / fname)) for fname in files] with open(output, "w") as outfile: for fname, fhash in zip(files, hashes): # Only use Unix separators for the registry so that we don't go # insane dealing with file paths. outfile.write("{} {}\n".format(fname.replace("\\", "/"), fhash))