# Copyright (c) 2018 The Harmonica Developers.
# Distributed under the terms of the BSD 3-Clause License.
# SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
#
# This code is part of the Fatiando a Terra project (https://www.fatiando.org)
#
"""
Tesseroids (spherical prisms)
=============================
Computing the gravitational fields generated by regional or global scale
structures require to take into account the curvature of the Earth. One common
approach is to use spherical prisms also known as tesseroids. We will compute
the downward component of the gravitational acceleration generated by a single
tesseroid on a computation grid through the :func:`harmonica.tesseroid_gravity`
function.
"""
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import cartopy.crs as ccrs
import verde as vd
import boule as bl
import harmonica as hm
# Use the WGS84 ellipsoid to obtain the mean Earth radius which we'll use to
# reference the tesseroid
ellipsoid = bl.WGS84
# Define tesseroid with top surface at the mean Earth radius, thickness of 10km
# (bottom = top - thickness) and density of 2670kg/m^3
tesseroid = [-70, -50, -40, -20, ellipsoid.mean_radius - 10e3, ellipsoid.mean_radius]
density = 2670
# Define computation points on a regular grid at 100km above the mean Earth
# radius
coordinates = vd.grid_coordinates(
region=[-80, -40, -50, -10],
shape=(80, 80),
extra_coords=100e3 + ellipsoid.mean_radius,
)
# Compute the radial component of the acceleration
gravity = hm.tesseroid_gravity(coordinates, tesseroid, density, field="g_z")
print(gravity)
# Plot the gravitational field
fig = plt.figure(figsize=(8, 9))
ax = plt.axes(projection=ccrs.Orthographic(central_longitude=-60))
img = ax.pcolormesh(*coordinates[:2], gravity, transform=ccrs.PlateCarree())
plt.colorbar(img, ax=ax, pad=0, aspect=50, orientation="horizontal", label="mGal")
ax.coastlines()
ax.set_title("Downward component of gravitational acceleration")
plt.show()